History of Department

 

History

               The department was found in 1947 along with the foundation of faculty of medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial hospital under the supervision of the Medicine University, the first medical school in Thailand. The department was first headed by Professor Banyen Tavipat, M.D. and the department was also the first department to conduct medical student teaching, the lectures were Gross Anatomy, Histology and Developmental Anatomy. In the following year Topographic Anatomy and Neuroanatomy was added.

               In 1967, the faculty of medicine, KingChulalongkorn memorial hospital was transferred to be supervised by Chulalongkorn University, from that time on the department was known as “Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University”. Today, the department has develop extensively and has become the provider of knowledge to medical student, allied health science student, nursing school, graduate student, even high school student and the general population. From the founding to the present, the department was headed by the following (titles at that time):

Professor Banyen Tavipat, MD, PhD.                                1947 – 1968

Professor Boonrak Karnchanapokin, MD, PhD.                1968 – 1979

Associate Professor Sujin Ungtavon, MD, PhD.                1979 – 1987

Professor Meechai Srisai, MD, PhD.                                  1987 – 1991

Assistant Professor Onrasri Ramayanan, MD, PhD.           1991 – 1998

Associate Professor Vilai Chentanez, MD, PhD.                1998 – 2004

Associate Professor Tanvaa Tansatit, MD, PhD.                2004 – 2012

Professor Apiwat Mutirangura, MD, PhD.                         2012- Present

 

 

               In the early years of the department, teahing was conducted at the Red Cross museum building. In 1953, the 3 stories anatomy building construction was completed , the new building help facilitate the lectures greatly as the first floor houses the adminstrative office, conference room and lecture hall, the second floor houses professor lounge and Histology lab, the top floor houses professor lounge and Gross anatomy lab and the basement as a cadaver maintenance section.

               In 1970, the number of medical student has exceed the capacity of the facility, so another 4 stories building was built with a connecting walkways to the old building.

               In 2004, as the 50 years old buildings had deteriorated below the safety standards, the faculty of medicine decided to replace both of them with an 11 floor central teaching building.

               In 2009, Her Royal HighnessPrincess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn officially came to attend the opening ceremony of the new central teaching building and the incorporated surgical training center, personally naming the building “Padtayapat”.

 

 

               The department of anatomy consists of 5 units

               1). Gross anatomy and surgical training Unit

               2). Cell biology and histology Unit

               3). Embryology Unit

               4). Medical Genetics Unit

               5). Neuroanatomy Unit

The gross anatomy and surgical training unit’s responsibilities are teaching gross anatomy to medical students, allied health students, nursing students and graduate students. Moreover, the unit also prepare and maintain the cadavers and organize surgical training workshop. The unit major achievements are of the following;

               In 1988, the anatomical museum was established with the purpose of collecting and exhibiting specimens and organs of human’s system, including the medical mannequin.

               In 1997, department of anatomy has developed cadavers maintenance system, with the goals of maintaining tissue integrity in room temperature for at least 2 weeks without dangerous or unpleasant chemical leftover and controlling the tissue softness and color to be as close to living tissue as much as possible. This accomplishment provided us with cadaver that is suited for training of medical procedures, which is the first step in establishing the surgical training center.

               In October 1998, the “Chula soft cadaver surgical training center” was officially opened, making faculty of medicine, Chulalongkorn University the first institution in Asia that can organize both open and laparoscopy surgical workshop at international standards.

 

Embryology Unit’s responsibility is teaching embryology to medical students and graduate student. At first, the lecture was “Developmental Anatomy”. Afterwards, the curriculum was revised and added more emphasis in human development, so the lecture was changed to “Medical Embryology”. Making faculty of medicine’s embryology unique and standout form others.

 Medical Genetics Unit‘s responsibilities’ are teaching of medical genetics to medical students and graduate students, medical genetics research and analysis of chromosomal abnormalities in patients.

               Teaching: The unit utilizes a comprehensive education, small group discussion and case discussion to enable students to apply basic sciences knowledge in clinical settings.

               Research: The medical genetics unit has published many quality papers in both national and international levels, especially in carcinogenesis, this accomplishment leaded to the founding of “Molecular Biology and Genetics of Cancer Development Research Unit”, supported by Chulalongkorn University. At the present this research unit is certify by Chulalongkorn University to be specialize unit in Molecular Genetics of Cancer and Human Diseases.

               Medical services: The medical genetics unit offers analysis of chromosomal abnormalities from amniotic fluid, placenta, blood and bone marrows and diagnosis of genetic disorders to King Chulalornkorn memorial hospital and the public. The services started in 1976 with blood specimens and then in 1981 the unit was the first in Thailand to analyze chromosomal abnormalities from amniotic fluid.

Neuroanatomy Unit’s scope of work is teaching neuroanatomy to medical students and graduate students, neuroanatomy research and diagnosis of neural disorders.

               Teaching: The Neuroanatomy unit was the first unit to introduce comprehensive education to the faculty, the classes included small group and case discussion and conference with both pre-clinic and clinic professors.

               Medical services: The Neuroanatomy unit was the first in Thailand to offer the diagnosis of Hirschprung’s disease by the use of histochemistry in 1991 and offer the analysis of pathology of peripheral nerve in 1995. Moreover, the unit is also supported by Chulalongkorn University to establish the ”Peripheral nerve research unit” which has trained many graduate students in medical sciences and produced many quality works in national and international levels.

Department of Anatomy 11th Floor Pattayapat Building, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University

 

1873 Rama 4 Rd. Patumwan Bangkok 10330

Tel : (662)2564000, 2564183, 2564462 Fax : (662)2524963

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